I en intervju i den spanska dagstidningen La Vanguardia (Barcelona) med påve Franciskus berörs också Pius XII, påven under Andra världskriget som många gånger beskyllts för allt ont när det gäller medlöperi med Hitler och försummelse att försvara judarnas mänskliga rättigheter (den svarta legenden).
Vatikanen håller på att öppna arkiven från Andra Världskriget och Förintelsen, något som kommer att kasta mycket ljus över den epoken, säger påven. Det kan vara intressant att ta del av vad han sade i intervjun, Rorate Coeli-bloggen har en engelsk översättning av den spanska orginaltexten (mina markeringar):
”In this theme, what concerns me is the figure of Pius XII, the pope who led the Church during the Second World War. Everything has been thrown upon poor Pius XII! But it has to be recalled that, before, he was seen as the great defender of the Jews. He hid many in the convents of Rome and of other Italian cities, and also in the summer residence of Castel Gandolfo. There, in the Pope’s room, on his very bed, 42 babies were born, Jewish children and of other persecuted people who were sheltered there.
I do not mean to say that Pius XII did not make mistakes – I myself make many – but his role must be viewed according to the context of the time. Was it better, for example, that he did not speak so that more Jews would not be killed, or that he did?
I also want to say that at times I feel a kind of existential rash [urticaria existencial] when I see that all gather together against the Church and Pius XII, and they forget the great powers [United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom]. Did you know that they knew perfectly well the rail network used by the Nazis to take the Jews to the concentration camps? They had the photographs. But they did not bomb these rail lines. Why? It would be good if we spoke a little bit about everything.”